Indian Railway -

Indian Railways is an Indian state-owned enterprise, owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways. It is one of the world's largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km of track over a route of 65,000 km and 7,500 railway stations. As of December 2012, It transported over 25 million passengers every day. In 2011, It carried over 8,900 million passengers yearly or over 24 million passengers every day and 2.8 million tons of freight every day. In 2011, 2012 It had revenues of one,119,848.9 million (US$20 billion) which consists of 696,759.7 million (US$13 billion) from freight and 286,455.2 million (US$5.2 billion)
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It was first introduced to India in 1853 from Bombay to Thane. In 1951 the systems were nationalized as a unit, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. It operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, meter and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities at several places in India. Indian Railways operations cover states and union territories and also provides limited international services to Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan.

It is the world's ninth largest commercial or utility employer, by a number of employees, with over 1.4 million employees. As for rolling stock, It holds over 239,281 Freight Wagons, 59,713 Passenger Coaches and 9,549 Locomotives (43 steam, five,197 diesel and four,309 electric locomotives). The trains have a five digit numbering technique as it runs about 10,000 trains every day. As of 31 March 2013, 23,541 km (36%) of the total 65,000 km route length was electrified. Since 1960, all electrified sections on Indian Railways use 25,000 Volt AC traction through overhead centenary delivery.

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